Microstructural Deformations Within the Depth of the Lamina Cribrosa in Response to Acute In Vivo Intraocular Pressure Modulation

Yoav Glidai, Katie A. Lucy, Joel S. Schuman, Palaiologos Alexopoulos, Bo Wang, Mengfei Wu, Mengling Liu, Jonathan P. Vande Geest, Hirut G. Kollech, Ting Fang Lee, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Gadi Wollstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE. The lamina cribrosa (LC) is a leading target for initial glaucomatous damage. We investigated the in vivo microstructural deformation within the LC volume in response to acute IOP modulation while maintaining fixed intracranial pressure (ICP). METHODS. In vivo optic nerve head (ONH) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans (Leica, Chicago, IL, USA) were obtained from eight eyes of healthy adult rhesus macaques (7 animals; ages = 7.9–14.4 years) in different IOP settings and fixed ICP (8–12 mm Hg). IOP and ICP were controlled by cannulation of the anterior chamber and the lateral ventricle of the brain, respectively, connected to a gravity-controlled reservoir. ONH images were acquired at baseline IOP, 30 mm Hg (H1-IOP), and 40 to 50 mm Hg (H2-IOP). Scans were registered in 3D, and LC microstructure measurements were obtained from shared regions and depths. RESULTS. Only half of the eyes exhibited LC beam-to-pore ratio (BPR) and microstructure deformations. The maximal BPR change location within the LC volume varied between eyes. BPR deformer eyes had a significantly higher baseline connective tissue volume fraction (CTVF) and lower pore aspect ratio (P = 0.03 and P = 0.04, respectively) compared to BPR non-deformer. In all eyes, the magnitude of BPR changes in the anterior surface was significantly different (either larger or smaller) from the maximal change within the LC (H1-IOP: P = 0.02 and H2-IOP: P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS. The LC deforms unevenly throughout its depth in response to IOP modulation at fixed ICP. Therefore, analysis of merely the anterior LC surface microstructure will not fully capture the microstructure deformations within the LC. BPR deformer eyes have higher CTVF than BPR non-deformer eyes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022


  • intraocular pressure (IOP)
  • lamina cribrosa (LC)
  • optical coherence tomography (OCT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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