Microtomographic reconstruction of mandibular defects treated with xenografts and collagen-based membranes: A pre-clinical minipig model

Juliana Gomez, Edmara T.P. Bergamo, Nick Tovar, Huzefa S. Talib, Benjamin E. Pippenger, Valeria Herdia, Madison Cox, Paulo G. Coelho, Lukasz Witek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The goal of this study was to evaluate hard tissue response following guided bone regeneration using commercially available bovine bone grafts and collagen membranes; bilayer collagen membrane and porcine pericardium-based membrane, by means of a non-destructive three-dimensional (3D) computerized volumetric analysis following microtomography reconstruction. Material and Methods: Bone regenerative properties of various bovine bone graft materials were evaluated in the Göttingen minipig model. Two standardized intraosseous defects (15mm x 8mm x 8mm) were created bilaterally of the mandible of eighteen animals (n=72 defects). Groups were nested within the same subject and randomly distributed among the sites: (i) negative control (no graft and membrane), (ii) bovine bone graft/bilayer collagen membrane (BOB) (iii) Bio-Oss® bone graft/porcine pericardium-based membrane (BOJ) and (iv) cerabone® bone graft/porcine pericardium-based membrane (CJ). Samples were harvested at 4, 8, and 12-week time points (n=6 animal/time point). Segments were scanned using computerized microtomography (μCT) and three dimensionally reconstructed utilizing volumetric reconstruction software. Statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS with a significance level of 5%. Results: From a temporal perspective, tridimensional evaluation revealed gradual bone ingrowth with the presence of particulate bone grafts bridging the defect walls, and mandibular architecture preservation over time. Volumetric analysis demonstrated no significant difference between all groups at 4 weeks (p>0.127). At 8 and 12 weeks there was a higher percentage of new bone formation for control and CJ groups when compared to BOB and BOJ groups (p<0.039). The natural bovine bone graft group showed more potential for graft resorption over time relative to bovine bone graft, significantly different between 4 and 8 weeks (p<0.003). Conclusions: Volumetric analysis yielded a favorable mandible shape with respect to time through the beneficial balance between graft resorption/bone regenerative capacity for the natural bovine bone graft.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e825-e833
JournalMedicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021


  • 3D reconstruction
  • Grafting material
  • MicroCT
  • Pre-clinical model
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Mandible/diagnostic imaging
  • Bone Regeneration
  • Bone Substitutes/pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Heterografts
  • Cattle
  • Swine
  • Collagen
  • Swine, Miniature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry
  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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