Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: It will work!

Theodore S. Rappaport, Shu Sun, Rimma Mayzus, Hang Zhao, Yaniv Azar, Kevin Wang, George N. Wong, Jocelyn K. Schulz, Mathew Samimi, Felix Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The global bandwidth shortage facing wireless carriers has motivated the exploration of the underutilized millimeter wave (mm-wave) frequency spectrum for future broadband cellular communication networks. There is, however, little knowledge about cellular mm-wave propagation in densely populated indoor and outdoor environments. Obtaining this information is vital for the design and operation of future flufth generation cellular networks that use the mm-wave spectrum. In this paper, we present the motivation for new mm-wave cellular systems, methodology, and hardware for measurements and offer a variety of measurement results that show 28 and 38 GHz frequencies can be used when employing steerable directional antennas at base stations and mobile devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6515173
Pages (from-to)335-349
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2013


  • 28GHz
  • 38GHz
  • 5G
  • Cellular
  • Channel models
  • Directional antennas
  • MIMO
  • Millimeter wave propagation measurements
  • Mobile communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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