Minimum energy conformations of DNA dimeric subunits: Potential energy calculations for dGpdC, dApdA, dCpdC, dGpdG, and dTpdT

S. Broyde, R. M. Wartell, S. D. Stellman, B. Hingerty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Minimum energy conformations have been calculated for the deoxydinucleoside phosphates dGpdC, dApdA, dCpdC, dGpdG, and dTpdT. In these potential energy calculations the eight diheldral angles and the sugar pucker were flexible parameters. A substantial survey of conformation space was made in which all staggred combination ofthe dihedral angles ω′,ω, and ψ, in conjuction with C(2′)‐endo puker, were used as starting conformers for the energy minimization. The most important conformations in the C(3′)‐endo‐puckering domain have ψ = g+; ω′,ω = g,g(A‐form),g+, g+, and g,t. With C(2′)‐endo‐type puker the most important conformations have ψ = g+; ω′,ω =g_,g_(B‐form) and g+,t; and ψ =t; ω′,ω =g_,t(Watson‐Crick from) and t,g+ (skewed). Stacked bases are a persistent feature of the low‐energy conformations, the g+ conformer being an exception. Freeing the suger puker allowed this conformation to become low energy, with C(3′)‐exo puker. It also caused other low‐energy forms, such and the Waston‐Crick conformation, to become more favourable. Conformation flexibility in the sugar puker and in ψ, as well as the ω′,ω angle pair, is indicated for the dimeric subunits of DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1506
Number of pages22
JournalBiopolymers
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Organic Chemistry

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