Minor-groove binding models for acetylaminofluorene modified dna

Robert Shapiro, Suse Broyde, Brian E. Hingerty

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Minimized potential energy calculations have been employed to locate and evaluate energetically a number of different models for DNA modified at carbon-8 of guanine by acetylaminofluorene (AAF). Three different duplex nonamer sequences were investigated. In addition to syn guanine models which have some denaturation and a Z-DNA model, we have found two newtypes of structures in which guanine remains syn and the AAF is placed in the minor groove of a B-DNA helix. One type features Hoogsteen base pairing between the modified guanine and protonated cytosine, with a sharply bent helix. The other (here termed the “wedge” model because the aromatic amine is wedged into the minor groove) maintains a single hydrogen bond between O6 of the modified guanine and N3 of protonated cytosine, with much less deformation of the helix, and close Van der Waals contacts between the AAF and the walls of the minor groove. Both types of structures (as well as the related forms produced by deprotonation of cytosine) are energetically important in all three sequences examined. The wedge-type model, which is most favored except in alternating G-C sequences, has been previously observed in a combined NMR and computational characterization of an aminofluorene (AF) modified guanine opposite adenine in a DNA duplex undecamer (D. Norman, P. Abuaf, B.E. Hingerty, D. Live, D. Grunberger, S. Broyde and DJ. Patel, Biochemistry. 28, 7462 (1989)).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-514
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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