This paper presents a novel mitigation technique to reduce the effects of geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) on high-voltage power systems. The method consists of connecting switching devices at the neutral grounding connection point of transformer banks. Only one transformer bank needs to be grounded through a switch to reduce GIC in a two-terminal system. For multiterminal systems, n-1 switches are necessary and the operation is independent from each other. The switching frequency and the duty cycle are selected from a tradeoff between the effectiveness of the method and the detection of fault currents. Transient simulations on a two-bus 230/500 kV system show that the proposed switching at the neutral successfully mitigates the GIC. This proposed technique opens the door to a new family of GIC mitigation methods.
- Geomagnetic disturbance (GMD)
- geomagnetically induced current (GIC)
- half-cycle saturation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering