Mnemonic Content and Hippocampal Patterns Shape Judgments of Time

Brynn E. Sherman, Sarah DuBrow, Jonathan Winawer, Lila Davachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Our experience of time can feel dilated or compressed, rather than reflecting true “clock time.” Although many contextual factors influence the subjective perception of time, it is unclear how memory accessibility plays a role in constructing our experience of and memory for time. Here, we used a combination of behavioral and functional MRI measures in healthy young adults (N = 147) to ask the question of how memory is incorporated into temporal duration judgments. Behaviorally, we found that event boundaries, which have been shown to disrupt ongoing memory integration processes, result in the temporal compression of duration judgments. Additionally, using a multivoxel pattern similarity analysis of functional MRI data, we found that greater temporal pattern change in the left hippocampus within individual trials was associated with longer duration judgments. Together, these data suggest that mnemonic processes play a role in constructing representations of time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-237
Number of pages17
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • event boundaries
  • memory
  • neuroimaging
  • time estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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