Model-based brain and tumor segmentation

Nathan Moon, Elizabeth Bullitt, Koen Van Leemput, Guido Gerig

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Combining image segmentation based on statistical classification with a geometric prior has been shown to significantly increase robustness and reproducibility. Using a probabilistic geometric model and image registration serves both initialization of probability density functions and definition of spatial constraints. A strong spatial prior, however, prevents segmentation of structures that are not part of the model. Our driving application is the segmentation of brain tissue and tumors from three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Our goal is a high-quality segmentation of both healthy tissue and tumor. We present an extension to an existing expectation maximization (EM) segmentation algorithm that modifies a probabilistic brain atlas with an individual subject's information about tumor location obtained from subtraction of post- and pre-contrast MRI. The new method handles various types of pathology, space-occupying mass tumors and infiltrating changes like edema. Preliminary results on five cases presenting tumor types with very different characteristics demonstrate the potential of the new technique for clinical routine use for planning and monitoring in neurosurgery, radiation oncology, and radiology.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings - International Conference on Pattern Recognition
    Pages528-531
    Number of pages4
    Volume16
    Edition1
    StatePublished - 2002

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
    • Hardware and Architecture

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