Modeling and simulation of unconventional traffic circles

Bekir Bartin, Kaan Ozbay, Ozlem Yanmaz-Tuzel, George List

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Microscopic simulation tools have been gaining popularity among traffic engineers. Enhanced input-output capabilities of these simulation tools allow engineers to model and to simulate complex transportation networks and to gather results relatively quickly. However, extensive validation and calibration efforts are required to verify the credibility of the results of these simulation models. This paper deals with the development of credible and valid simulation models of two unconventional traffic circles in New Jersey, namely, the Collingwood and Brooklawn Circles. These two circles are modeled in PARAMICS simulation software. Model development and the validation and calibration steps are presented in detail. PARAMICS is one of the few off-the-shelf simulation software packages that can model unconventional traffic circles. However, the default capabilities of PARAMICS are not sufficient to model statistically valid simulation models of these two unconventional circles. Use of the application programming interface (API) feature of PARAMICS is required to develop realistic models that can accurately represent drivers' facility-specific behaviors. A gap acceptance-rejection binary probit model based on the analysis of field data was developed and implemented with PARAMICS API. The differences between the simulation results of the API enhanced model and the default PARAMICS model are presented to demonstrate the importance of extending the existing default models and the careful validation and calibration using real-world data. Finally, the sensitivity analyses of the developed simulation models are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTraffic Flow Theory
PublisherNational Research Council
Pages201-209
Number of pages9
Edition1965
ISBN (Print)0309099749, 9780309099745
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Publication series

NameTransportation Research Record
Number1965
ISSN (Print)0361-1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Bartin, B., Ozbay, K., Yanmaz-Tuzel, O., & List, G. (2006). Modeling and simulation of unconventional traffic circles. In Traffic Flow Theory (1965 ed., pp. 201-209). (Transportation Research Record; No. 1965). National Research Council. https://doi.org/10.3141/1965-21