Modeling of 2D flow using transparent aquabeads

Hung Chieh Lo, Magued Iskander, Kazunori Tabe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Use of transparent synthetic soils to visualize flow problems has recently been developed. This study proposes a new water-based transparent synthetic soil suitable for modeling natural soils with hydraulic conductivities in the 10 -2 to 10 -5 cm/sec range. Aquabeads has a number of advantages over available transparent synthetic soils for modeling flow. First, it is water based. Second, it possesses similar hydraulic characteristics to natural soils. Third, it is compatible with water, oil, selected surfactants, and alcohols used for modeling multiphase flow. Finally, it does not suffer from transparency degradation in large-scale models. In this paper, two types of Aquabeads are used to model 2D flow in layered soil systems. The hydraulic properties of Aquabeads are presented. The optical system was set up to trace flow movement, and image processing was used to identify 2D concentration profiles for selected flow tests. Copyright ASCE 2008.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of Sessions of GeoCongress 2008 - GeoCongress 2008
Subtitle of host publicationCharacterization, Monitoring, and Modeling of GeoSystems, GSP 179
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2008
EventGeoCongress 2008: Characterization, Monitoring, and Modeling of GeoSystems - New Orleans, LA, United States
Duration: Mar 9 2008Mar 12 2008

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


OtherGeoCongress 2008: Characterization, Monitoring, and Modeling of GeoSystems
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew Orleans, LA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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