This article is concerned with modelling, controllability analysis and the design of aggressive robust controllers for interconnected electric power systems. The proposed Load Frequency Control (LFC), relying on (Formula presented.) methodologies enhanced with integral action and pole clustering, can provide frequency regulation and fast transient response despite the presence of unknown disturbance load application. The inherent saturation constraints are handled by the combination of a controller gain minimisation framework and an anti-windup enhanced controller design which provides stability guarantees, while avoiding frequency and tie-line power oscillations. For this scheme, particular attention should be paid on the modelling and controllability aspects of the power system, where it is shown that due to the singularity of the Laplacian matrix of the network's graph, a reduction of the state vector is necessary. Simulation studies are offered to illustrate the effectiveness of the suggested scheme.
- Load frequency control
- anti-windup control
- control system analysis
- power system dynamics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications