In this paper we discuss continuum models of phase separation in polymer solutions, with emphasis on the thermodynamic foundation of these models. We demand that these models obey a free energy dissipation relation, which in the present context plays the role of the second law of thermodynamics, since the system is isothermal. First, we derive a modified two-fluid model for viscoelastic phase separation from nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Then we study the special case when only diffusion is present, and hydrodynamic effects are neglected. Numerical results demonstrate that our models show better stability properties and at the same time reproduce the expected physical phenomena such as volume shrinking and phase inversion. Our findings suggest that these important phenomena are caused by a diffusional asymmetry of the constituent molecules.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|State||Published - 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics