Modulation-Doped In2O3/ZnO Heterojunction Transistors Processed from Solution

Dongyoon Khim, Yen Hung Lin, Sungho Nam, Hendrik Faber, Kornelius Tetzner, Ruipeng Li, Qiang Zhang, Jun Li, Xixiang Zhang, Thomas D. Anthopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reports the controlled growth of atomically sharp In2O3/ZnO and In2O3/Li-doped ZnO (In2O3/Li-ZnO) heterojunctions via spin-coating at 200 °C and assesses their application in n-channel thin-film transistors (TFTs). It is shown that addition of Li in ZnO leads to n-type doping and allows for the accurate tuning of its Fermi energy. In the case of In2O3/ZnO heterojunctions, presence of the n-doped ZnO layer results in an increased amount of electrons being transferred from its conduction band minimum to that of In2O3 over the interface, in a process similar to modulation doping. Electrical characterization reveals the profound impact of the presence of the n-doped ZnO layer on the charge transport properties of the isotype In2O3/Li-ZnO heterojunctions as well as on the operating characteristics of the resulting TFTs. By judicious optimization of the In2O3/Li-ZnO interface microstructure, and Li concentration, significant enhancement in both the electron mobility and TFT bias stability is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1605837
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 17 2017

Keywords

  • electron mobility
  • heterojunction transistors
  • metal oxides
  • modulation doping
  • semiconductors
  • solution processing
  • thin film transistors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modulation-Doped In<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>/ZnO Heterojunction Transistors Processed from Solution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this