Modulation of heart fibroblast migration and collagen gel contraction by IGF-I

S. Kanekar, T. K. Borg, L. Terracio, W. Carver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dynamic interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix are essential in the regulation of a number of cellular processes including migration, adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. A variety of factors have been identified which modulate these interactions including transforming growth factor-β, platelet-derived growth factor and others. Insulin-like growth factors have been shown to regulate collagen production by heart fibroblasts; however, the effects of this growth factor on the interactions of heart fibroblasts with the extracellular matrix have not been examined. The present studies were carried out to determine the effects of IGF-I on the ability of fibroblasts to interact with the extracellular matrix and to begin to determine the mechanisms of this response. These experiments illustrate that IGF-I treatment results in increased migration, collagen reorganization and gel contraction by heart fibroblasts. IGF-I has been shown to activate both the mitogen-activated protein kinase and phophatidylinositol-3 kinase pathways in isolated cells. Experiments with pharmacological antagonists of these pathways indicate that the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is essential for IGF-I stimulated collagen gel contraction by fibroblasts. These studies illustrate that IGF-I modulates the ability of fibroblasts to interact with the collagen matrix and that activation of multiple signaling pathways by IGF-I may produce distinct downstream responses in these cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-523
Number of pages11
JournalCell Adhesion and Communication
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Collagen gel
  • Fibroblast
  • IGF
  • Migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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