Molecular characterization of antipeptide antibodies against the 5-HT1A receptor: evidence for state-dependent antibody binding

T. E. Anthony, E. C. Azmitia

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Differential immunohistochemical labeling is often observed using different antibodies against the same protein. Two polyclonal antipeptide antibodies against the 5-HT1A receptor have been generated by our group. The S1A-170 (aa 170-186) and 258 (aa 258-274) are specific for sites in the second extracellular loop and third intracellular loop, respectively [E.C. Azmtia, I. Yu, H.M. Akbari, N. Kheck, P.M. Whitaker-Azmitia and D.R. Marshak, Antipeptide antibodies against the 5-HT1A receptor, J. Chem. Neuroanat., 5 (1992) 289-298]. Comparison of the labeling patterns of these two antibodies and other antipeptide antibodies against the 5-HT1A receptor revealed that although similar populations of cells were labeled, individual antibodies favor certain staining patterns. Immunocytochemistry and western blotting results of transfected cell lines and brain tissue revealed the following: (1) both the S1A-170 and S1A-258 are specific for the 5-HT1A receptor when used for immunocytochemistry in transfected HEK-293 and COS-1 cells; (2) when expressed in cultured cell lines, the 5-HT1A receptor is differentially glycosylated dependent on cell type, and the S1A-258 is specific for only certain species on immunoblots; and (3) the S1A-258 and L5B7 [M. Riad, S. El Mestikawy, D. Derge, H. Gozlan, and M. Hamon, Visualization and quantification of central 5-HT1A receptors with specific antibodies, Neurochem. Int., 4 (1991) 413-423] label common bands at 40 and 70 kDa on immunoblots of hippocampal proteins, but show opposite staining intensities. These results provide evidence for the immunocytochemical specificity of both the S1A-170 and S1A-258 and suggest that the discrepancies noted in immunohistochemistry may be due in part to different molecular conformations.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)277-84
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1997


  • Amino Acid Sequence Animals Antigen-Antibody Reactions/*physiology Blotting, Western Cell Line Glycosylation Immunohistochemistry Membrane Proteins/analysis Mice Molecular Sequence Data Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis Receptors, Serotonin/*immunology Transfection

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