Molecular crystals with dimensionally controlled hydrogen-bonded nanostructures

Victoria A. Russell, Michael D. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Molecular crystals constructed by hydrogen bonding can be viewed as having nanostructural elements consisting of ordered, supramolecular hydrogen-bonded networks. These networks, whose dimensionalities and motifs are governed by the molecular structure and hydrogen-bonding topology of their constituents, can serve as "modules" in the design and synthesis of molecular materials. Robust supramolecular modules can reduce significantly the number of possible solid-state packing motifs, a key goal of crystal engineering strategies which aim to design and synthesize molecular solids with controlled solid-state structure and properties. Several examples of hydrogen bonded modules in molecular crystals are described, including one-dimensional hydrogen-bonded wires, two-dimensional hydrogen-bonded layers, and nanoporous hydrogen-bonded lattices with voids having differing dimensionalities. The presence of reliable modules in these materials provides for a better general understanding of the organization principles governing molecular and solid-state assembly by reducing the number of variables in systematic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1654-1666
Number of pages13
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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