Molecular dynamics simulation suggests possible interaction patterns at early steps of β2-microglobulin aggregation

Federico Fogolari, Alessandra Corazza, Paolo Viglino, Pierfrancesco Zuccato, Lidia Pieri, Pietro Faccioli, Vittorio Bellotti, Gennaro Esposito

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Early events in aggregation of proteins are not easily accessible by experiments. In this work, we perform a 5-ns molecular dynamics simulation of an ensemble of 27 copies of β2-microglobulin in explicit solvent. During the simulation, the formation of intermolecular contacts is observed. The simulation highlights the importance of apical residues and, in particular, of those at the N-terminus end of the molecule. The most frequently found pattern of interaction involves a head-to-head contact arrangement of molecules. Hydrophobic contacts appear to be important for the establishment of long-lived (on the simulation timescale) contacts. Although early events on the pathway to aggregation and fibril formation are not directly related to the endstate of the process, which is reached on a much longer timescale, simulation results are consistent with experimental data and in general with a parallel arrangement of intermolecular β-strand pairs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1673-1681
Number of pages9
JournalBiophysical journal
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics


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