Molecular weight dependence of the optical rotation of poly((R)-1-deuterio-n-hexyl isocyanate) in dilute solution

Naoko Okamoto, Fumika Mukaida, Hong Gu, Yo Nakamura, Takahiro Sato, Akio Teramoto, Mark M. Green, Christopher Andreola, Norman C. Peterson, Shneior Lifson

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Abstract

Poly((R)-1-deuterio-n-hexyl isocyanate) (αPdHIC) in dilute solution is characterized by an extraordinarily large specific optical rotation [α]. Detailed [α] data were obtained for a number of nearly monodisperse αPdHIC samples in different solvents over a wide range of temperature. The results were similar to those for poly((R)-2-deuterio-n-hexyl isocyanate) (βPdHIC) reported in a previous publication (Gu, H., et al. Macromolecules 1995, 28, 1016). The molecular weight dependence of [α] was remarkable over a wide range and consistently analyzed by the statistical mechanical theory of Lifson et al. (Lifson, S., et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1989, 111, 8850) for a polyisocyanate chain consisting of an alternating sequence of right-handed and left-handed helices intervened by helix reversals. It was shown that the large [α] arises from the helical conformation, where the left-handed helix exists in some excess over the right-handed one due to a small free energy favoring the former helix (2ΔGh). This energy accumulates to a significant amount on a given chain assisted by a very small helix reversal probability (v). This confirmed a similar conclusion on βPdHIC reported in the previous paper. It was found that v is almost the same for the two polyisocyanates but the magnitude of 2ΔGh for αPdHIC, though smaller than a few calories per mole, is about twice as large as that for βPdHIC, exhibiting a remarkable hydrogen-deuterium isotope effect on chain conformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2878-2884
Number of pages7
JournalMacromolecules
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 8 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Okamoto, N., Mukaida, F., Gu, H., Nakamura, Y., Sato, T., Teramoto, A., Green, M. M., Andreola, C., Peterson, N. C., & Lifson, S. (1996). Molecular weight dependence of the optical rotation of poly((R)-1-deuterio-n-hexyl isocyanate) in dilute solution. Macromolecules, 29(8), 2878-2884. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma951451k