Monitoring early childhood development at the population level: The ECDI2030

Peter F. Halpin, E. Filipa de Castro, Nicole Petrowski, Claudia Cappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Population-level monitoring of early childhood development (ECD) can inform research and guide national policy. One approach to population-level monitoring is through the design of surveys that (a) are feasible and cost-effective to implement at scale, (b) yield well-validated summaries of children's holistic development, and (c) can ideally support comparisons across national and cultural contexts. The Early Childhood Development Index 2030 (ECDI2030) is a caregiver-reported household survey designed to achieve these goals for children aged 24-59 months. This paper describes how the ECDI2030 was developed and provides initial results on its reliability, concurrent validity, and gender equity in nationally representative samples from Mexico (N = 1641) and Palestine (N = 1099). Overall, the results support the use of the ECDI2030 for population-level monitoring, but also suggest that the conceptualization of social-emotional development warrants further attention from researchers. Recommendations are made about statistical analyses that can be undertaken to ensure the quality of data collected from ECD assessments in international settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalEarly Childhood Research Quarterly
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024


  • Assessment
  • Care-giver reported
  • Household survey
  • International comparisons
  • Item response theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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