Motivation and healthy aging at work

Hannes Zacher, Rana Sagha Zadeh, Jutta Heckhausen, Gabriele Oettingen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The aims of this paper were to review theoretical and empirical research on motivation and healthy aging at work and to outline directions for future research and practical applications in this area. To achieve these goals, we first consider the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of healthy aging in the context of paid employment and life-span development in the work domain. Second, we describe contemporary theoretical models and cumulative empirical findings on age, motivation, and health and well-being at work, and we critically discuss to what extent they are consistent with the WHO's definition of healthy aging. Finally, we propose several directions for future research in the work context that are aligned with the WHO's definition of healthy aging, and we describe a number of interventions related to the design of work environments and individual strategies to promote the motivation for healthy aging at work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S145-S156
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
StatePublished - Oct 1 2021


  • Employment
  • Healthy aging
  • Motivation
  • Organizations
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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