Multiple Chronic Conditions among Seriously Ill Adults Receiving Palliative Care

Komal P. Murali, Gary Yu, John D. Merriman, Allison Vorderstrasse, Amy S. Kelley, Abraham A. Brody

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The objective of this study was to characterize multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) among seriously ill adults receiving palliative care at the end of life. A latent class analysis was conducted to identify latent subgroups of seriously ill older adults based on a baseline Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) measurement, a measure of comorbidity burden, and mortality risk. The three latent subgroups were: (1) low to moderate CCI with MCC, (2) high CCI with MCC, and (3) high CCI and metastatic cancer. The “low to moderate CCI and MCC” subgroup included older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cardiovascular disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, dementia, diabetes, and lymphoma. A “high CCI and MCC” subgroup included individuals with severe illness including liver or renal disease among other MCCs. A “high CCI and metastatic cancer” included all participants with metastatic cancer. This study sheds light on the MCC profile of seriously ill adults receiving palliative care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Comorbidities
  • Multiple chronic conditions
  • Palliative care
  • Serious illness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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