National survival and the confederate congress

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The author analyzes the voting behavior of legislators in the Congresses of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. He shows that the occupation of Confederate Congressional districts by Federal troops led legislators to abandon their previous voting behavior and instead support the strengthening of the central government in Richmond. Specific case evidence involving voting on a number of salient issues is provided to further demonstrate the robustness of this result. Most importantly, the result leads to outcomes at odds with the logic of secession as enunciated by Southern elites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalHistorical Methods
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Civil War
  • Congress
  • ideal point estimation
  • ideology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History


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