Natural composite systems for bioinspired materials

Joseph A. Frezzo, Jin Kim Montclare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


From a relatively limited selection of base materials, nature has steered the development of truly remarkable materials. The simplest and often overlooked organisms have demonstrated the ability to manufacture multifaceted, molecular-level hierarchical structures that combine mechanical properties rarely seen in synthetic materials. Indeed, these natural composite systems, composed of an array of intricately arranged and functionally relevant organic and inorganic substances serve as inspiration for materials design. A better understanding of these composite systems, specifically at the interface of the hetero-assemblies, would encourage faster development of environmentally friendly “green” materials with molecular level specificities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-166
Number of pages24
JournalAdvances in experimental medicine and biology
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • Biomimetic composites
  • Interfacial materials
  • Molecular-level hierarchy
  • Molecular-scale interactions
  • Nanostructural design
  • Structural hierarchy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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