Negative beliefs as a moderator of the intention-behavior relationship: Decisions to use performance-enhancing substances

Tonya Dodge, James J. Jaccard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The theory of reasoned action framework was used to examine performance-enhancing substance use among a sample of college athletes in a prospective longitudinal design. Results indicate that attitudes and subjective norms predicted intention to use the substances, and these intentions predicted actual substance use 6 weeks later. A statistically significant interaction emerged between negative beliefs and intentions predicting behavior such that as negative beliefs grew increasingly negative, the intention-behavior relationship became stronger. Practical and theoretical implications of the influence of negative information on the intention-behavior relationship are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-59
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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