Neighborhood change and psychotic experiences in a general population sample

Zui Narita, Kandra Knowles, Lisa Fedina, Hans Oh, Andrew Stickley, Ian Kelleher, Jordan DeVylder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Social stress caused by the neighborhood environment may be a risk factor for psychotic experiences (PEs). However, little information is available on the effect of the perception of the neighborhood in relation to PEs. In a general population study in the United States (N = 974), we examined the relationship between PEs and neighborhood disruption/gentrification. When adjusted for age, sex, race, income, nativity, city, marital status, and common mental disorders, higher disruption scores were significantly associated with higher odds for any PE (odds ratio = 1.09, 95% CI = 1.05–1.12). The same pattern of associations was observed for individual PEs including delusional mood, delusion of reference and persecution, delusion of control, and hallucination. This study suggests that subjectively perceived neighborhood change may be a factor contributing to the occurrence of PEs. There was no significant relationship between PE and gentrification. Having a low income and racial minority status did not modify this association. Future studies can employ comparative longitudinal analyses of individuals/neighborhoods/cities, geographical information systems, and ethnography, to examine the impact of neighborhood change on mental health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-321
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Epidemiology
  • Gentrification
  • Neighborhood
  • Psychosis
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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