Neighborhood Stress and Life Satisfaction: Is there a Relationship for African American Adolescents?

Robert F. Valois, Jelani C. Kerr, Michael P. Carey, Larry K. Brown, Daniel Romer, Ralph J. DiClemente, Peter A. Vanable

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study identified associations between perceived neighborhood stress and adolescents’ perceptions of life satisfaction. African American adolescents aged 13–18 (n = 1658) from four matched, mid-sized cities in the northeastern and southeastern USA, completed a self-report questionnaire using an audio computer-assisted self-interview (ACASI). Analyses examined relationships between perceived neighborhood stress and perceived life satisfaction, while controlling for socioeconomic status (SES). Life satisfaction was found to be related to neighborhood stress for both males and females, with variability in neighborhood stress characteristics and in the magnitude of associations by gender. Further research should identify the particular characteristics of youth and specific aspects of adolescent life satisfaction associated with perceived neighborhood stress to develop community-based and culturally-sensitive quality of life improvement/health promotion programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-296
Number of pages24
JournalApplied Research in Quality of Life
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • African Americans
  • Life satisfaction
  • Neighborhood stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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