Neural basis of egalitarian behavior

Christopher T. Dawes, Peter John Loewen, Darren Schreiber, Alan N. Simmons, Taru Flagan, Richard McElreath, Scott E. Bokemper, James H. Fowler, Martin P. Paulus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Individuals are willing to sacrifice their own resources to promote equality in groups. These costly choices promote equality and are associated with behavior that supports cooperation in humans, but little is known about the brain processes involved. We use functional MRI to study egalitarian preferences based on behavior observed in the "random income game." In this game, subjects decide whether to pay a cost to alter group members' randomly allocated incomes. We specifically examine whether egalitarian behavior is associated with neural activity in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the insular cortex, two regions that have been shown to be related to social preferences. Consistent with previous studies, we find significant activation in both regions; however, only the insular cortex activations are significantly associated with measures of revealed and expressed egalitarian preferences elicited outside the scanner. These results are consistent with the notion that brain mechanisms involved in experiencing the emotional states of others underlie egalitarian behavior in humans.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)6479-6483
    Number of pages5
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume109
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 24 2012

    Keywords

    • Behavioral economics
    • Egalitarianism

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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  • Cite this

    Dawes, C. T., Loewen, P. J., Schreiber, D., Simmons, A. N., Flagan, T., McElreath, R., Bokemper, S. E., Fowler, J. H., & Paulus, M. P. (2012). Neural basis of egalitarian behavior. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(17), 6479-6483. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1118653109