Neurotransmitter activation of inwardly rectifying potassium current in dissociated hippocampal CA3 neurons: Interactions among multiple receptors

Deborah L. Sodickson, Bruce P. Bean

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We characterized potassium current activated by G-protein-coupled receptors in acutely dissociated hippocampal CA3 neurons. Agonists for serotonin, adenosine, and somatostatin receptors reliably activated a potassium-selective conductance that was inwardly rectifying and that was blocked by 1 mM external Ba2+. The conductance had identical properties to that activated by GABA(B) receptors in the same cells. In one-half of the CA3 neurons that were tested, the metabotropic glutamate agonist 1S,3R-ACPD also activated inwardly rectifying Ba2+-sensitive potassium current. Activation of the current by serotonin and adenosine agonists occurred with a time constant of 200-700 msec after a lag of 50-100 msec; on removal of agonist the current deactivated with a time constant of 1-2 sec after a lag of 200- 400 msec. These kinetics are similar to GABA(B)-activated current and consistent with a direct action of G-protein on the channels. For somatostatin, both activation and deactivation were approximately fourfold slower, probably limited by agonist binding and unbinding. The half-maximally effective agonist concentrations were ~75 nM for somatostatin, ~100 nM for serotonin, and ~400 nM for 2-chloroadenosine. Dose-response relationships had Hill coefficients of 1.2-1.9, suggesting cooperativity in the receptor- to-channel coupling mechanism. At saturating concentrations of agonists, the combined application of baclofen and either somatostatin, serotonin, or 2- chloroadenosine produced effects that were subadditive and often completely occlusive. However, at subsaturating concentrations the effects of baclofen and 2-chloroadenosine were supra-additive. Thus, low levels of different transmitters can act synergistically in activating inwardly rectifying potassium current.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)8153-8162
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Neuroscience
    Volume18
    Issue number20
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 15 1998

    Keywords

    • Adenosine
    • Baclofen
    • GABA(B)
    • GIRK
    • Metabotropic glutamate receptor
    • Serotonin
    • Somatostatin

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neuroscience(all)

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