TY - JOUR

T1 - New approximations and tests of linear fluctuation-response for chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative dynamical systems

AU - Abramov, Rafail V.

AU - Majda, Andrew J.

N1 - Funding Information:
Acknowledgement Rafail Abramov is supported by the NSF grant DMS-0608984 and the ONR grant N00014-06-1-0286. Andrew Majda is partially supported by the NSF grant DMS-0456713 and the ONR grant N00014-05-1-0164.

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - We develop and test two novel computational approaches for predicting the mean linear response of a chaotic dynamical system to small change in external forcing via the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Unlike the earlier work in developing fluctuation-dissipation theorem-type computational strategies for chaotic nonlinear systems with forcing and dissipation, the new methods are based on the theory of Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen probability measures, which commonly describe the equilibrium state of such dynamical systems. The new methods take into account the fact that the dynamics of chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative systems often reside on chaotic fractal attractors, where the classical quasi-Gaussian formula of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem often fails to produce satisfactory response prediction, especially in dynamical regimes with weak and moderate degrees of chaos. A simple new low-dimensional chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative model is used to study the response of both linear and nonlinear functions to small external forcing in a range of dynamical regimes with an adjustable degree of chaos. We demonstrate that the two new methods are remarkably superior to the classical fluctuation-dissipation formula with quasi-Gaussian approximation in weakly and moderately chaotic dynamical regimes, for both linear and nonlinear response functions. One straightforward algorithm gives excellent results for short-time response while the other algorithm, based on systematic rational approximation, improves the intermediate and long time response predictions.

AB - We develop and test two novel computational approaches for predicting the mean linear response of a chaotic dynamical system to small change in external forcing via the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Unlike the earlier work in developing fluctuation-dissipation theorem-type computational strategies for chaotic nonlinear systems with forcing and dissipation, the new methods are based on the theory of Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen probability measures, which commonly describe the equilibrium state of such dynamical systems. The new methods take into account the fact that the dynamics of chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative systems often reside on chaotic fractal attractors, where the classical quasi-Gaussian formula of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem often fails to produce satisfactory response prediction, especially in dynamical regimes with weak and moderate degrees of chaos. A simple new low-dimensional chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative model is used to study the response of both linear and nonlinear functions to small external forcing in a range of dynamical regimes with an adjustable degree of chaos. We demonstrate that the two new methods are remarkably superior to the classical fluctuation-dissipation formula with quasi-Gaussian approximation in weakly and moderately chaotic dynamical regimes, for both linear and nonlinear response functions. One straightforward algorithm gives excellent results for short-time response while the other algorithm, based on systematic rational approximation, improves the intermediate and long time response predictions.

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U2 - 10.1007/s00332-007-9011-9

DO - 10.1007/s00332-007-9011-9

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84867954551

SN - 0938-8974

VL - 18

SP - 303

EP - 341

JO - Journal of Nonlinear Science

JF - Journal of Nonlinear Science

IS - 3

ER -