New approximations and tests of linear fluctuation-response for chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative dynamical systems

Rafail V. Abramov, Andrew J. Majda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We develop and test two novel computational approaches for predicting the mean linear response of a chaotic dynamical system to small change in external forcing via the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Unlike the earlier work in developing fluctuation-dissipation theorem-type computational strategies for chaotic nonlinear systems with forcing and dissipation, the new methods are based on the theory of Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen probability measures, which commonly describe the equilibrium state of such dynamical systems. The new methods take into account the fact that the dynamics of chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative systems often reside on chaotic fractal attractors, where the classical quasi-Gaussian formula of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem often fails to produce satisfactory response prediction, especially in dynamical regimes with weak and moderate degrees of chaos. A simple new low-dimensional chaotic nonlinear forced-dissipative model is used to study the response of both linear and nonlinear functions to small external forcing in a range of dynamical regimes with an adjustable degree of chaos. We demonstrate that the two new methods are remarkably superior to the classical fluctuation-dissipation formula with quasi-Gaussian approximation in weakly and moderately chaotic dynamical regimes, for both linear and nonlinear response functions. One straightforward algorithm gives excellent results for short-time response while the other algorithm, based on systematic rational approximation, improves the intermediate and long time response predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-341
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Nonlinear Science
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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