## Abstract

We introduce the use of Fourier analysis on lattices as an integral part of a lattice based construction. The tools we develop provide an elegant description of certain Gaussian distributions around lattice points. Our results include two cryptographic constructions which are based on the worst-case hardness of the unique shortest vector problem. The main result is a new public key cryptosystem whose security guarantee is considerably stronger than previous results (O(n^{1.5}) instead of O(n^{7})). This provides the first alternative to Ajtai and Dwork's original 1996 cryptosystem. Our second result is a collision resistant hash function which, apart from improving the security in terms of the unique shortest vector problem, is also the first example of an analysis which is not based on Ajtai's iterative step. Surprisingly, the two results are derived from the same tool which presents two indistinguishable distributions on the segment [0,1). It seems that this tool can have further applications and as an example we mention how it can be used to solve an open problem related to quantum computation.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | Conference Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing |

Pages | 407-416 |

Number of pages | 10 |

State | Published - 2003 |

Event | 35th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing - San Diego, CA, United States Duration: Jun 9 2003 → Jun 11 2003 |

### Other

Other | 35th Annual ACM Symposium on Theory of Computing |
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Country | United States |

City | San Diego, CA |

Period | 6/9/03 → 6/11/03 |

## Keywords

- Average-case hardness
- Cryptography
- Lattices
- Public key encryption
- Quantum computing

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software