Nihao XII: Galactic uniformity in a CDM universe

Aaron A. Dutton, Aura Obreja, Liang Wang, Thales A. Gutcke, Tobias Buck, Silviu M. Udrescu, Jonas Frings, Gregory S. Stinson, Xi Kang, Andrea V. Macciò

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We use a sample of 83 high-resolution cosmological zoom-in simulations and a semi-analytic model (SAM) to study the stochasticity of galaxy formation in haloes ranging from dwarf to Milky Way masses. Our simulated galaxies reproduce the observed inefficiency of galaxy formation as expressed through the stellar, gas and baryonic Tully–Fisher relations. For H I velocities in the range (70 V 220 km s−1), the scatter is just 0.08 to 0.14 dex, consistent with the observed intrinsic scatter at these scales. At low velocities (20 V 70 km s−1), the simulated scatter is 0.2–0.25 dex, which could be tested with future observations. The scatter in the stellar mass versus dark halo velocity relation is constant for 30 V 180 km s−1, and smaller (0.17 dex) when using the maximum circular velocity of the dark-matter-only simulation, VmaxDMO , compared to the virial velocity (V200 or V200DMO). The scatter in stellar mass is correlated with halo concentration, and is minimized when using a circular velocity at a fixed fraction of the virial radius 0.4R200 or with Vα = V200DMO(VmaxDMO /V200DMO)α with α 0.7, consistent with constraints from halo clustering. Using the SAM we show the correlation between halo formation time and concentration is essential in order to reproduce this result. This uniformity in galaxy formation efficiency we see in our hydrodynamical simulations and an SAM proves the simplicity and self-regulating nature of galaxy formation in a cold dark matter (CDM) universe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4937-4950
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • Dark matter
  • Galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • Galaxies: haloes
  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Methods: numerical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Nihao XII: Galactic uniformity in a CDM universe'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this