Non-thermal plasma treatment to enhance the adhesion between enamel surface and orthodontic bracket

Salem Almoammar, Ibrahim Alshahrani, Moshabab A. Asiry, Simone Duarte, Malvin Janal, Edmund Khoo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    BACKGROUND: Adhesion strength of orthodontic attachments to enamel should be within optimal range to resist occlusal forces and to allow debonding without enamel damage. OBJECTIVE: The present study compared the effect of non-thermal plasma (NTP) and conventional surface treatment on the adhesion strength of orthodontic bracket to enamel. METHODS: A total of 100 premolar teeth were allocated into 5 groups according to the bonding procedure followed: Group 1 (Etch, prime and composite adhesive); Group 2 (Prime and composite adhesive); Group 3 (Glass ionomer cement); Group 4 (NTP, prime and composite adhesive) and Group 5 (NTP and glass ionomer cement). Ten specimens in each group were subjected to artificial aging and the remaining ten specimens served as baseline specimens. Adhesion strength values were recorded after debonding and bond failure types were scored. Water contact angles of the NTP treated and untreated enamel surface were measured. RESULTS: Group 1 specimen demonstrated highest bond strength at baseline (21.5 ± 3.01) and thermocycling (15.8 ± 2.87) and the least values were in Group 2 specimens at baseline (3.9 ± 1.01) and thermocycling (1.6 ± 0.7). Among the experimental (NTP) groups, Group 4 specimens exhibited high adhesion strength at baseline (10.2 ± 1.76) and after thermocycling (9.8 ± 2.15) compared to Group 5 specimens at baseline (10.1 ± 1.05) and thermocycling (6.5 ± 2.19). The water contact angle on untreated enamel surface was 53.1° ± 2.1° as compared to 1.4° ± 0.7° in treated surface. CONCLUSION: Non-thermal plasma (NTP) treatment in conjunction with composite adhesives demonstrated clinically acceptable adhesion strength and was well within the optimal range (7-14 MPa) for enamel bonding.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)439-448
    Number of pages10
    JournalBio-Medical Materials and Engineering
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 2019


    • Non-thermal plasma
    • acid etching
    • adhesion strength
    • orthodontic bonding

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biomaterials
    • Biomedical Engineering


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