Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics of mixtures of particles in contact with different thermostats

A. Y. Grosberg, J. F. Joanny

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We introduce a novel type of locally driven systems made of two types of particles (or a polymer with two types of monomers) subject to a chaotic drive with approximately white noise spectrum, but different intensity; in other words, particles of different types are in contact with thermostats at different temperatures. We present complete systematic statistical mechanics treatment starting from first principles. Although we consider only corrections to the dilute limit due to pairwise collisions between particles, meaning we study a nonequilibrium analog of the second virial approximation, we find that the system exhibits a surprisingly rich behavior. In particular, pair correlation function of particles has an unusual quasi-Boltzmann structure governed by an effective temperature distinct from that of any of the two thermostats. We also show that at sufficiently strong drive the uniformly mixed system becomes unstable with respect to steady states consisting of phases enriched with different types of particles. In the second virial approximation, we define nonequilibrium "chemical potentials" whose gradients govern diffusion fluxes and a nonequilibrium "osmotic pressure," which governs the mechanical stability of the interface.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number032118
    JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
    Volume92
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
    • Statistics and Probability
    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics of mixtures of particles in contact with different thermostats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this