Nonphysician Health Professionals

Amy W. Stimpfel, Jill M. Vanak, Linda H. Aiken

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The organizational context of medical practice changed substantially over the past half century, resulting in new opportunities and a more favorable environment for the evolution of allied and nonphysician health professionals. This article chronicles the organizational developments leading to the growth in nonphysician health professions and the changing medical division of labor. Recent trends in nursing, the rise of advanced practice nurses and physician assistants (PAs), and the status of physical and occupational therapists are examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015


  • Advanced practice nurses
  • Affordable Care Act
  • Allied health professions
  • Nonphysician providers
  • Nursing
  • Occupational therapist
  • PhysicalŠtherapist
  • Registered nurse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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