Nonsurgical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders

Vasiliki Karlis, Alexandra G. Glickman, Robert Glickman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter reviews all the modalities practitioners may incorporate into their initial treatment of the patient with temporomandibular disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPeterson's Principles of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Fourth Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783030919207
ISBN (Print)9783030919191
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Acupressure and acupuncture
  • Analgesics
  • Anti-inflammatory agents
  • Antidepressants
  • Antihistamines
  • Anxiolytic agents
  • Botulinum toxin
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Exercise therapy
  • Local anesthetics
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Occlusal appliances
  • Physical therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Relaxation and biofeedback
  • Soft diet
  • Thermal agents
  • Trigger point and muscle injections
  • Ultrasonography and phonophoresis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Dentistry


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