Nosology, etiology, and course of gender identity disorder in children

James I. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder as applied to children (GIDC) in the most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). It will summarize the major etiological theories about GIDC and describe the extent to which they are supported by research. The paper will also describe what is known about the course of GIDC and its relationship to homosexuality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-94
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 29 2008


  • Children
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)
  • Gender Identity Disorder of Childhood (GIDC)
  • Gender nonconformity
  • Gender theory
  • Homosexuality
  • Sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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