Novel double-parallelogram motion constraining mechanisms for vibration isolation systems

Jahangir Rastegar, Farshad Khorrami

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Vibration isolation devices are used to attach various systems to their base structure to reduce the transmission of vibration from and/or to the base structure. Vibration isolation devices allow relative motion between the isolated system and the base platform. This relative motion is critical to the effective operation of vibration isolation devices and is used to absorb or divert vibration energy using spring and viscous damping or dry friction elements. In general, larger the allowed relative motion, more effective will be the performance of the isolation system. In certain applications, the introduced relative motion by the vibration isolation device introduces unavoidable and unwanted motion of the isolated system and can significantly degrade its performance, particularly in terms of positioning precision, or limit the range of allowable relative motion, thereby reducing the effectiveness of the isolation system. In this paper, a novel method is presented that uses appropriate linkage mechanisms to constrain relative motions that are introduced by the vibration isolation system that are not necessary for the proper operation of the vibration isolation system but their presence would degrade the performance of the entire system. As an example, a novel double-parallelogram based motion constraining mechanism is presented, which is used to constrain rotational (rocking) motion of an isolation system without hindering its relative translational motion used for vibration isolation. The design of a prototype of such a linkage mechanism used to isolate payloads from launch vehicles during the launch and the results of its successful testing are presented. Other applications of the present method are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2007 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC2007
Pages209-215
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008
Event31st Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, presented at - 2007 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE2007 - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: Sep 4 2007Sep 7 2007

Publication series

Name2007 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC2007
Volume8 PART A

Other

Other31st Mechanisms and Robotics Conference, presented at - 2007 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE2007
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV
Period9/4/079/7/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Modeling and Simulation

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