Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a complex genetic disorder of unknown etiology. Recently, 'modifier' genes of the FCHL phenotype, such as the apolipoprotein AI-CIII-AIV gene cluster and LPL, have been identified in several populations. A 'major' gene for FCHL has been identified in a Finnish isolate which maps to a region syntenic to murine chromosome 3 where a locus for combined hyperlipidemia has been identified. We review these and other recent studies which indicate that FCHL is genetically heterogeneous.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Cell Biology