The limitations of stereoelectronic models in assessing the stereoselective nucleophilic substitution reactions of cyclic oxocarbenium ions at high reaction rates are discussed. Evidence is provided suggesting that the diastereoselectivity of nucleophilic substitution reactions is attenuated at the limits of diffusion control. The low diastereoselectivities observed in the reactions of trimethylsilyl cyanide with five- and six-membered ring oxocarbenium ions are attributed to the high reactivity of the nucleophile and its reactions with these electrophiles at diffusion control rates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry