Objectives and outcomes: The fundamental difference

Ruth A. Wittmann-Price, Brian J. Fasolka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This discussion focuses on the difference between educational objectives and outcomes. Both terms are used in nursing education, many times for the same purpose, yet they are expressions of different educational paradigms. A historical view of the development of objectives and outcomes is provided as well as a description of each.The discussion concludes with a demonstration of formats for developing educational outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-236
Number of pages4
JournalNursing education perspectives
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2010


  • Metacognition
  • Objectives
  • Outcomes
  • Teaching and learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Education


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