Observation and study of low-frequency oscillations in a 1.5-MW 110-GHz gyrotron

Antoine J. Cerfon, Eunmi Choi, Chad D. Marchewka, Ivan Mastovsky, Michael A. Shapiro, Jagadishwar R. Sirigiri, Richard J. Temkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the observation of low-frequency oscillations (LFOs) in the range 165-180 MHz in a 1.5-MW 110-GHz gyrotron operating in 3-μs pulses. The oscillations have been measured by a capacitive probe located just before the entrance to the cavity. The LFOs are observed only in a narrow region of beam parameter space, at voltages between 45 and 60 kV, where no microwave emission occurs. When the gyrotron operates near 96 kV, with high output power, they are not seen. The variation of the frequency of the oscillations with electron beam voltage and magnetic compression was measured, and the results are reported. Time-domain analysis of the probe signal shows the influence of the beam current and cathode voltage on the time of onset of the oscillations. The amplitude of the time-domain signal indicates that the trapped electron current associated with the LFOs represents a few percent of the total electron current.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1219-1224
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Issue number7 PART 2
StatePublished - 2009


  • Fusion
  • Gyrotron
  • High-power microwave source
  • Low-frequency oscillations (LFOs)
  • Trapped electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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