We demonstrate that a cycle of three holographic optical trapping patterns can implement a thermal ratchet for diffusing colloidal spheres and that the ratchet-driven transport displays flux reversal as a function of the cycle frequency and the intertrap separation. Unlike previously described ratchet models, the approach we describe involves three equivalent states, each of which is locally and globally spatially symmetric, with spatiotemporal symmetry being broken by the sequence of states.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review Letters|
|State||Published - Mar 25 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)