Observations of PSR J2021+3651 and its X-ray pulsar wind nebula G75.2+0.1

J. W.T. Hessels, M. S.E. Roberts, S. M. Ransom, V. M. Kaspi, R. W. Roman, C. Y. Ng, P. C.C. Freire, B. M. Gaensler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present the results from X-ray and radio observations of the recently discovered young Vela-like pulsar PSR J2021+3651, which is coincident with the EGRET γ-ray source GeV 2020+3658. A 19.0 ks Chandra ACIS-S observation has revealed a ∼20″ × 10″ pulsar wind nebula that is reminiscent of the equatorial tori seen around some young pulsars, along with thermal emission from an embedded point source (kT = 0.15 ± 0.02 keV). We have named the nebula G75.2+0.1. Its spectrum is well fitted by an absorbed power-law model with a photon index of Γ = 1.7 -0.2-0.3, a hydrogen column density of NH = (7.8-1.4+1.7) × 1021 cm-2, and an unabsorbed 0.5-10.0 keV flux of (1.7 ± 0.1) × 10-12 ergs cm-2 s-1. We have spatially fitted G75.2+0.1 with a model that assumes a toroidal morphology, and from this we infer that the axis of the torus is highly inclined to the line of sight. A 20.8 ks Chandra observation in continuous-clocking mode reveals a possible pulse detection, with a pulsed fraction of ∼65% and an H-test probability of occurring by chance of 8.9 × 10-5. Timing observations with the Arecibo radio telescope spanning 2 yr show that PSR J2021+3651 glitched sometime between MJD 52,616 and 52,645 with parameters Δν/ν = (2.587 ± 0.002) × 10-6 and Δν̇/ν̇ = (6.2 ± 0.3) × 10-3, similar to those of the largest glitches observed in the Vela pulsar. PSR J2021+3651 is heavily scattered (τscsc = 17.7 ± 0.9 ms at 1 GHz) and exhibits a significant amount of timing noise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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