Observations of Students with Learning Disabilities in General Education Classrooms

Ruth Mcintosh, Sharon Vaughn, Jeanne Shay Schumm, Diane Haager, Okhee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined 60 general education teachers’ classrooms, K-12, that included students with learning disabilities. The study examined how general education teachers’ behaviors toward mainstreamed students with learning disabilities compared with their behavior toward students without disabilities, and the interactions between students, and between students and teacher. Observations using the Classroom Climate Scale indicated that few teacher behaviors and classroom practices were different for the two groups of students. However, differences were found in student behaviors. Overall, students with learning disabilities interacted with the teacher, other students, and classroom activities at much lower rates than did other students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-261
Number of pages13
JournalExceptional children
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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