Occupational Conditions Associated with Negative Mental Health Outcomes in New York State Health Professionals during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Keely Cheslack-Postava, Michaeline Bresnahan, Megan Ryan, George J. Musa, Lawrence Amsel, Charles Dimaggio, Howard F. Andrews, Ezra Susser, Guohua Li, David M. Abramson, Barbara H. Lang, Christina W. Hoven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to assess occupational circumstances associated with adverse mental health among health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods A cross-sectional study examined responses to an on-line survey conducted among 2076 licensed health care workers during the first pandemic peak. Mental health (depression, anxiety, stress, and anger) was examined as a multivariate outcome for association with COVID-related occupational experiences. Results Odds of negative mental health were increased among those who worked directly with patients while sick themselves (adjusted odds ratio, 2.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.71-3.08) and were independently associated with working more hours than usual in the past 2 weeks, having family/friends who died due to COVID-19, having COVID-19 symptoms, and facing insufficiencies in personal protective equipment/other shortages. Conclusions Occupational circumstances were associated with adverse mental health outcomes among health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, and some are potentially modifiable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E417-E423
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19: mental health
  • health care workers
  • occupational exposure
  • presenteeism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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