On-chip integration of 2D Van der Waals germanium phosphide (GeP) for active silicon photonics devices

Ghada Dushaq, Bruna Paredes, Juan E. Villegas, Srinivasa R. Tamalampudi, Mahmoud Rasras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The outstanding performance and facile processability turn two-dimensional materials (2DMs) into the most sought-after class of semiconductors for optoelectronics applications. Yet, significant progress has been made toward the hybrid integration of these materials on silicon photonics (SiPh) platforms for a wide range of mid-infrared (MIR) applications. However, realizing 2D materials with a strong optical response in the NIR-MIR and excellent air stability is still a long-term goal. Here, we report a waveguide integrated photodetector based on a novel 2D GeP. This material uniquely combines narrow and wide tunable bandgap energies (0.51-1.68 eV), offering a broadband operation from visible to MIR spectral range. In a significant advantage over graphene devices, hybrid Si/GeP waveguide photodetectors work under bias with a low dark current of few nano-amps and demonstrate excellent stability and reproducibility. Additionally, 65 nm thick GeP devices integrated on silicon waveguides exhibit a remarkable photoresponsivity of 0.54 A/W and attain high external quantum efficiency of ∼ 51.3% under 1310 nm light and at room temperature. Furthermore, a measured absorption coefficient of 1.54 ± 0.3 dB/μm at 1310 nm suggests the potential of 2D GeP as an alternative infrared material with broad optical tunability and dynamic stability suitable for advanced optoelectronic integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15986-15997
Number of pages12
JournalOptics Express
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 9 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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