On end-to-end architecture for transporting MPEG-4 video over the Internet

Dapeng Wu, Yiwei Thomas Hou, Wenwu Zhu, Hung Ju Lee, Tihao Chiang, Ya Qin Zhang, H. Jonathan Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


With the success of the Internet and flexibility of MPEG-4, transporting MPEG-4 video over the Internet is expected to be an important component of many multimedia applications in the near future. Video applications typically have delay and loss requirements, which cannot be adequately supported by the current Internet. Thus, it is a challenging problem to design an efficient MPEG-4 video delivery system that can maximize the perceptual quality while achieving high resource utilization. This paper addresses this problem by presenting an end-to-end architecture for transporting MPEG-4 video over the Internet. We present a framework for transporting MPEG-4 video, which includes source rate adaptation, packetization, feedback control, and error control. The main contributions of this paper are: 1) a feedback control algorithm based on Real Time Protocol (RTP) and Real Time Control Protocol (RTCP); 2) an adaptive source-encoding algorithm for MPEG-4 video which is able to adjust the output rate of MPEG-4 video to the desired rate; and 3) an efficient and robust packetization algorithm for MPEG video bit-streams at the sync layer for Internet transport. Simulation results show that our end-to-end transport architecture achieves good perceptual picture quality for MPEG-4 video under low bit-rate and varying network conditions and efficiently utilizes network resources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-941
Number of pages19
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Media Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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