On graphs which contain all sparse graphs

L. Babai, F. R K Chung, P. Erdös, R. L. Graham, J. H. Spencer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This chapter presents a study on graphs which contain all sparse graphs. Let ℋn denote the class of all graphs with n edges and denote by s(n) the minimum number of edges a graph G can have, which contains all H ∊ ℋn as subgraphs. The chapter discusses the problem of determining the minimum number of edges, denoted by s'(n) a graph can have, which contains every planar graph on n edges as a subgraph. The chapter discusses a lower bound for s(n) and while discussing an upper bound for s(n), it is proved (by the probability method) that there exists a graph with cn2 log log n/log n edges that contains all graphs with at most n edges. The chapter presents a theorem to give an upper bound of n3/2 for the universal graphs that contain all planar graphs on n edges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalNorth-Holland Mathematics Studies
Issue numberC
StatePublished - Jan 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Mathematics


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