On-site primary care and mental health services in outpatient drug abuse treatment units

Peter D. Friedmann, Jeffrey A. Alexander, Lei Jin, Thomas A. D'Aunno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Providing health services to drug abuse treatment clients improves their outcomes. Using data from a 1995 national survey of 597 outpatient drug abuse treatment units, this article examines the relationship between these units' ouganizational features and the degree to which they provided on-site primary care and mental health services. In two-stage models, Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations-certified and methadone programs delivered more on-site primary care services. Units affiliated with mental health centers provided more on-site mental health services but less direct medical care. Units with more dual-diagnosis clients provided more on-site mental health but fewer on-site HIV/AIDS treatment services. Organizational features appear to influence the degree to which health services are incorporated into drug abuse treatment. Fully integrated care might be an unattainable ideal for many such organizations, but quality improvement across the treatment system might increase the reliability of clients' access to health services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-94
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Behavioral Health Services and Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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