On-the-job training, immigration reform, and the true wages of native male workers

José A. Pagán, Alberto Dávila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study measures the Immigration Reform and Control Act's (IRCA) impact on the "true" earnings of native workers. True earnings include observed wages and compensation received in the form of on-the-job training (OJT). Using 1983-1992 NLSY data, we present evidence suggesting IRCA reduced the true wages of male natives most likely to be mistaken as unauthorized. Our findings suggest that Mexican Americans suffered the largest decline in post-IRCA OJT. It appears then that antidiscrimination policies following recent immigration reform have not fully protected some U.S. natives against unintended IRCA-related employment discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-58
Number of pages14
JournalIndustrial Relations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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